Hampi is one of the major tourist attraction spots in the state of Karnataka. It has been in the list of UNESCO as one of the world heritage sites. During the reign of Vijayanagar empire, Hampi was the capital and it is strategically located on the banks of river Tungabhadra in Karnataka. The place is covered with the ancient ruins of palaces, royal buildings and temples in Hampi that speak a lot about the grandeur and wealth of the Vijayanagar Emperors.
The ancient city of Hampi has been derived from the name of the river Tungabhadra i.e. Pampa, Lord Brahma’s daughter. The city is also referred to as by many experts as the town of Pampa. The city is Vijayanagar Empire’s capital during the period of 1336 to 1565. The city has been ruled by four major dynasties like Saluva, Sangama, Aravidu and Tuluva dynasties. The princesses of these dynasties have been instrumental in building 500 monuments.
During the reign of Vijayanagar Dynasty, Hampi has been an important hub for spices, cotton, gems and horse trade center. Diamonds and Rubies were traded at the streets and silver and gold were used as local means of currencies. The street were diamonds and other gems were used to sell was names as the ‘pan supari street’. The palaces and temples were admired by the Italian, Portuguese and Arab travelers and has been a major cultural hub.
The prosperity and the rule of the Vijayanagar dynasty came to an end in the year 1565, when combined Mughal empires attacked the capital. The victorious Mughals looted the city for a continuous period of six months and then it was abandoned. Today, the place is a ruin and it speaks a lot about the glory and the downfall of the place and the empire.
In Hampi, the Virupaksha temple is the prominent and the popular ancient building. According to the age old believe, it is in this temple where Parvati married Lord Shiva. Some of the other major attractions of Hampi are Hazara Rama Temple, Lotus Temple and Lakshmi Narasimha temple. All these temples depict the rich architecture and style of the Vijayanagar era. The Vijaya Utsav or the Hampi Utsav is one of the popular festivals that takes place annually in Hampi. This is a cultural festival that is organized by the Karnataka government to promote tourism. It is one of the popular places to visit in Karnataka.
Vibhuti is currently working at a Consultancy firm and has keen interest in Blogging.